Views:3 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2018-04-17 Origin:Site
On April 13, Nanjing released the latest white paper on pension information.According to this, Nanjing's population aged above 60 years old has reached 1.4189 million, accounting for 20.85% of the total population; the proportion of elderly people aged 65 and over has exceeded 14% for the first time, indicating that Nanjing officially entered the “deep aging society” defined by the United Nations.The White Paper also selects and publishes a list of key retirement care institutions to provide "guidelines" for the multiple choices of the elderly.
Nanjing entered the "deep ageing" for the first time
As of the end of last year, Nanjing had a registered population of 6.8067 million people, of which the elderly population aged 60 and over reached 1.187 million, accounting for 20.85%.The aging trend is increasingly evident. The average life expectancy of Nanjing residents is 82.42 years old, of which male 80.49 and female 84.52.
According to Zhao Jun, deputy director of the Nanjing Civil Affairs Bureau, according to the UN standards, the proportion of the elderly aged 65 or over is more than 14%. This is the first time that Nanjing enters the “deep ageing” society, and Nanjing has entered this scope for the first time, and when this indicator reaches 20,At the time of %, we enter the "old age society."
Comparing the figures of the past five years, the net increase of Nanjing’s elderly population was 210,000, accounting for 2.07% of the increase, showing a rapid growth trend.In the next 15 years, this growth trend will remain strong.
Chen Youhua, dean of the Nanjing University’s School of Social Studies, said that at present, the ageing rate in Nanjing is “the first square” in the country. Like Shanghai, Nantong and Yangzhou, the ageing rate is generally higher than the national level.The elderly in Nanjing, especially the elderly over the age of 80, are mostly concentrated in the old town and rural areas. The elderly people in Gulou District, Qinhuai District and Jiangning District are among the top three.
Labor support burden is getting heavier
In Nanjing's permanent population, the child dependency ratio has rapidly increased to 15.34%, the old-age dependency ratio has increased to 24.74%, and the total labor dependency ratio has reached 40.08%.It is predicted that this figure will rise linearly before 2050.
"Ageing is called the head of the six major challenges facing mankind." Chen Youhua believes that the deepening of the ageing rate and the increase in dependency ratio will have a major impact on families and society.The elderly and children are pure consumer groups. They do not create social wealth, and the burden of labor support increases. This will directly lead to a series of changes such as increased family economic pressures, reduced household savings, and reduced social investment.After 2010, the proportion of the burden of labor support in China has been increasing year by year, and the demographic dividend has disappeared. It is necessary for the government to respond early to policies such as development and security.
At present, the old-age pension for the elderly has been steadily increasing. As of the end of last year, the average monthly pension for urban workers and retirees in Nanjing was 2,908 yuan.However, special elderly people also need the government to protect their pockets.There are currently 82,473 empty-nesters in Nanjing, 33,671 elderly people living alone, and more than 20,000 low-income people.At present, Nanjing has raised the guarantee standard for the old people with low guarantees to 810 yuan/month.
Poverty-stricken senior citizens who meet the conditions for identification of low-income families in urban and rural areas may apply for special assistance such as medical care and housing and temporary assistance according to family difficulties.The low-income and severely disabled elderly people all enjoy full government subsidy for basic medical insurance and are also included in medical assistance.The medical expenses incurred in the list of Medicare drug and medical services for elderly patients with low-guarantee disease, and 60% for the individual burden; for patients with low-risk marginal hospitalization and outpatient clinics, in the Medicare drug and medical service catalogFor medical expenses, 60% of the individual’s burden will be given assistance.
Diversified needs promote multiple modes of care for the elderly
"Deep ageing" is anxious for multiple pension models.Nanjing's old-age care service supply model has developed toward the complex in recent years, and the unique practices of “opening the door”, “reserving the community”, and the integration of medical care and nursing have been continuously updated, and the hardware facilities and service levels of the pension institutions have been increasing year by year.
As of the end of last year, Nanjing had a total of 225 key pension institutions.The financial subsidies to medical institutions have continued to increase. There are 73 medical institutions and pension institutions in the area.Community health service coverage rate of urban population reached 100%.
Nanjing has established various forms of elderly care service outlets in 11 districts.The 1255 community home-based care centers are run by professional social organizations. There are 317 Class 3A community home-based care centers that have the ability to “help with meals, help doctors, and help urgently”.The rate of attainment of community retirement service facilities is 100%.
The Community Home Aged Service Center will provide meal support services for Nanjing “five” groups of people. Each meal will be subsidized by two yuan. The meal will be provided to the elderly living alone and the elderly who are difficult to live in Nanjing. Each meal will be subsidized by one yuan.
Zhao Jun said that the civil affairs department will link information on health care, life care, psychological comfort, convenience for the family, entertainment learning, etc. to the “My Nanjing” APP. The “12349” call platform will also provide comprehensive assistance to the elderly.The online connection between online services and the home-based community is fully realized, which provides convenience for both the supply and demand of the elderly.
In order to attract more different types of pension institutions to settle down, Nanjing has also introduced encouragement policies. A one-time subsidy of 10,000 yuan for each bed has been provided to the newly-built institutions of the social forces, and 3,000 yuan has been subsidized for each bed rented or owned by the institution that has converted their own houses.Each old tutoring station and retirement service station set up by the community is given a subsidy of 10,000 yuan.Last year, four public pensioner nutrition agencies received government-subsidized rent subsidies.
The civil affairs department of Nanjing also ranks all the pension institutions and announces the detailed address and contact information. The citizens can find the favorite institution in their old age in accordance with the plan.
Source: Xinhua Daily
Article transferred from: Jiangsu Civil Affairs Bureau official website http://mzt.jiangsu.gov.cn/art/2018/4/17/art_55087_7584799.html